ISLAMIC VIEW OF SCIENCE:
Fromy: Haq Foundation Lucknow
Founder: Mr. Syed Haq (Lucknow, India)
LINK FOR SHARING: http://bit.ly/1RHsEQl
There is no such thing like "Islamic Science" for science is the most universal of human activities. But definitely, the scientific advances have always been facilitated and dictated by culture, political will- and economic wealth. Incredible scientific advances were made in the Muslim world of Baghdad, Cairo, Damascus and Cordoba when medieval Europe was under dark ages. New disciplines like algebra, trigonometry and chemistry emerged and major advances in medicine, astronomy, engineering and agriculture were made. Arabic texts replaced Greek as the fonts of wisdom. Scientists of the Muslim world brilliantly articulated science as universal and common language of human race. Exhibition of 1001 Inventions at London's Science Museum tells some of the stories of this forgotten age.
Attitude of Muslim scientists towards Science attributed to Qur’anic guidance and teachings
The Qur'an, Islam's sacred text, contains an elaborate cosmology, makes regular references to natural phenomena, and implores its readers to ponder the world of nature as God's signs (ayat Allah). It is quite interesting to know that a verse of the Qur'an is also called an ayah, i.e., sign. It deals with issues that are also studied by the natural sciences: creation, life, heavens and earth, animals, causality, order in nature, the argument from design, and the relation between the natural and human orders. The Qur'an presents natural phenomena as both the foundations of the physical order in which we live and the marvelous work of God as the great Artisan. By giving nature a religious meaning and a metaphysical function within the great chain of being, it offers a religious view of the universe which, in turn, lays the foundation for an Islamic philosophy of science. But this is not simply a religious philosophy superimposed upon a material entity. Rather, it is an integrated and holistic notion of the universe in which man and nature are placed as complements to each other.